Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes

Over-editing in Photoshop is a chronic problem. When photographers first get and learn to use Photoshop, they often are in awe of its capabilities but do not have the skills to use it properly.  As a result, many start out playing with filters and plug-ins and over-use them. Sometimes photographers feel Photoshop is all powerful and take images that should have been in a reject pile, and they try to “save” them. As a rule, Photoshop should not be used to save unacceptable photos. If a photo is out of focus, blown out, severely under-exposed, or has really awkward composition, Photoshop will not make it drastically better.  Used in excess, it can actually make the image worse.

Photoshop is best used as a tool to make good photos great.  But remember, when editing, less is often more. Over-editing photos can make them go from good to bad.   When I did my post on photography fads, a few weeks ago, I mentioned doing future article on editing fads.  After thinking about it, I realized that many “fads” were actually immature or poor editing.

Some things like selective color definitely can fall into fads or cliches, meaning they were over-used for a period of time. While selective color edits occasionally look great, more often than not, it is overdone.  The best example I can think of is when a photo is turned black and white and the eyes are colored back to blue.

Cliche Over Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes
pin it4 Over Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes
photo by Matt of White Lamp Photo

Here are 25 of the most common mistakes photographers make when editing retouching images:

  1. General over editing – often, but not always, the best edits are subtle and enhance what is good about the photo.
  2. Over popping the colors – while I love vibrant color, many who are new photo editing, give their images an almost neon color. When you edit watch for details in your color areas.  If these start to disappear, you have gone too far.
  3. Using the latest editing fads on every photo - I understand the need to experiment as an artist. But think about the longevity of your editing.  What edits might go out of style?  Clean post processing will never go out of style. Rich black and white conversions are not likely to either. Currently I see a lot of photos converted with a “fake” hazy look.  Yellow skies seem to be another “fad” which may look good occasionally, but probably not if used on every photo. Years from now, we may wonder how much pollution was in our air. And while I love the look of dreamy sun flare when captured in camera, if you add it in post processing, really judge if it adds to your image.  And please do not add it to every image.  These fads may add to certain photos, but definitely will not make every photo look better.
  4. Blowing things out – many like bright photos, me included.  But when editing, make sure to have your histogram and your info palette open. Constantly check for numbers creeping into the 250s (255 is totally blown) in any of the channels (R, G or B). If you have a photo that already has blow outs, and you shot RAW, go back to Adobe Camera Raw, Lightroom, or Aperture and  decrease exposure or recover it.  If you have spots of blown areas or speckles lighting, be more aware when shooting, and move locations.
  5. Adding too much contrast and losing details in shadows – Similar to blowing out information is clipping your shadows, so that the dark areas are pure black. When your see numbers in your info palette close to or at zero, you have no information left in the shadows. Back off your conversion by lowering opacity or even masking.
  6. Messing with curves before you know how it works – “Curves” is possibly the most powerful tool in Photoshop.  But it is intimidating to new users. Most either avoid it or misuse it. If used improperly, you can do more harm than good to your highlights, shadows, and color.  When skin turns orange, many times the culprit is an s-curve. Turn your blend mode to luminosity when this happens so the curve does not impact color and skin tones. If you want to learn more about curves, check out the MCP Curves in Photoshop Training Class.
  7. Muddy black and white conversions – Converting to gray-scale alone is rarely an effective method for a rich black and white. Even when using better methods, like the black and white adjustment layer, gradient map, duotones, or channel mixers, you may need to use curves to help. Also be aware of your color.  If you convert to black and white because your color was horrible, likely your black and white will not be as rich either.  I always fix color prior to converting to black and white.
  8. Heavy toning of monochrome images - Occasionally this can be pulled off well, but often times a light tint to a monochromatic conversion is nice is a better choice. Sepia and really heavy toning often looks out of place. Chose tones and opacity of them carefully.
  9. Blindly using Photoshop actions without understanding what they are doing – Get to know the program before diving in.  And get to know your actions too.  Understand what each does so you can get the best results and have the most control.
  10. Cropping like crazy – Definitely some photos benefit from cropping.  But remember when you crop in Photoshop, it throws out pixels and information. So if you are unsure what size you may need, keep your edited photo pre-crop too. Beware of cropping in too close in case you need a different size ratio later.  With cropping, also make sure you are not chopping your subject at the joints (like wrists, elbows, neck, knees, ankles, hips, etc).
  11. Alien eyes - I love eyes to sparkle. The best way to accomplish this is by getting light in the eyes and nailing your focus in camera. The Eye Doctor action can help you if you have good focus and light, but again, do NOT over-use it. You want eyes to sparkle without looking fake.  Just give eyes a little life, and then stop.  They do not need a “full life” of their own.
  12. Over whitening teeth – Same concept as the eyes…  Teeth usually do not glow in real life, so they should not in your photos either.  If you wish to take out a little yellow or brighten them a touch, go ahead.  But make sure when you look at the image, the teeth do not jump out first.
  13. Plastic skin – Skin smoothing is really popular these days.  After all, who wants deep wrinkles, acne, large pores, and uneven skin? Nobody.  But who wants to look like a plastic Barbie? Nobody…  So when using Portraiture, MCP’s Magic Skin smoothing actions, or the built in healing and patch tools, remember moderation is the key. Work on duplicate layers and lower the opacity and/or use masking to keep the look natural.
  14. Getting rid of under eye shadows – Similarly to plastic skin, when your subject has deep set eyes, you may want to minimize the crease or shadows under the eyes.  You do not want to get rid of it completely though. Watch this video tutorial on getting rid of under eye creases in Photoshop for more tips, but remember opacity is your friend.
  15. Halo around subject - When popping color, doing heavy defogs, or when selective lightening or darkening, be careful of halos around your subject. When masking these changes, work your way in close to the subject, and adjust brush hardness as necessary.
  16. Soft glow – This look is where things have a dreamy blurred look.  Personally I am for sharpness, so doing this when editing seems counter-intuitive to me.  I am not a fan of this look.  But if you do choose to do it, please do so in moderation and on pictures where it adds to the mood of the image.
  17. Heavy vignettes - Again, I use vignetting lightly and purposefully.  Those new to editing often overuse these and pop dark edges on every image.  My recommendation, try it as a non-destructive layer, play with opacity, and really decide if it helps or hurts your photograph.
  18. Over sharpening – Digital images need sharpening. Sharpening takes an in focus photo and makes it crisp.  But when you have a photo that is blurry, out of focus or fairly soft, it actually does more harm than good.  Also be aware of adding too much sharpening.  Unfortunately with sharpening, especially for print, it is not one size fits all.  There are no magic numbers to use every time.  You will need to experiment.  Zoom in to 100% and see what it looks like.
  19. Getting rid of too much noise – I love using Noiseware when I shoot at higher ISOs. It really can help take that graininess out of the photograph.  But be careful when using as it can make parts of your image blotchy, take away texture, make clothing or hair look over smooth. Zoom in and peek.  Run the noise reduction filter on a duplicate layer so you can adjust the opacity, and add a mask if needed to bring back detail in certain parts.
  20. Heavily blurring the background in PhotoshopBokeh is beautiful. I love the look of a blurred background where the subject just pops off of it.  But please, do this in camera by shooting with a wide aperture and by having space between your subject and the background. It is very rare that a photographer can pull off natural looking background blur using the Gaussian Blur filter.  Usually it looks fake since there is no fall off and often abruptly stops.
  21. Poor extractions – When I do Private photoshop training of new photographers, I almost always get asked how to extract a subject from the background.  Unless you prepare ahead with the photography, using a green screen and even background lighting, it is a challenge for even professional editors and retouchers. If you do attempt an extraction, be aware of jagged edges and obvious cut outs.Take your time, and make sure you do not leave rough edge, etc. As a rule, I would recommend paying attention to your background when shooting, and use wide apertures when your surroundings are less than ideal.
  22. Overdoing textures – Textures may fall under fads or at least trends.  We will need to see how far they are used as overlays on images in the future.  For now, remember if using a texture, less can be more.  Make sure it actually enhances the image.  Do not just use texture to use texture. This video can teach you how to take texture off the skin of subjects or remove the color tone from it or blur the texture away.
  23. Fake HDR – High Dynamic Range images have increased in popularity.  When multiple exposures are taken and then blended, these images can be impressive.  There are ways to fake this look in post processing in Lightroom and Photoshop.  Occasionally it can create in an interesting look.  But often times, they do not come out looking great.  If you try doing HDR with one photo, using one exposure, haloing can occur.  You may need to decrease the effect for better quality.
  24. Playing with plug-ins and artistic filters – When you get Photoshop, it can be tempting to make your photo into a watercolor, then a mosaic, then an Andy Warhol looking print.  You get the idea.  Filters can equal fun. But usually most of these do not make for a professional looking portrait.  So if you are scrapbooking or just entertaining yourself, play around.  But for the most part, these tools are better left where they are.
  25. Overdoing selective color - Some might say to avoid selective color altogether.  It is probably the first thing people think of when you say “editing fad.” I am not a huge fan, but every once in a while, I see images that are enhanced by this.  Most of the time, however, it does not make an image look better.  So consider why you are doing it.  Did the customer ask or are you just playing.  And please, for me, do not convert to black and white and then colorize the eyes.  That just freaks me out. If you have done it in the past, do not take offense.  But it just is not the best way to show off beautiful blue eyes…
 Over Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes

Jodi Friedman, MCP Actions

Jodi Friedman is the founder of MCP Actions. She designs popular Photoshop actions and Lightroom presets that make editing faster, easier and more fun.

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60 Comments and 2 Replies



  1. 1

    [...] 1 votes vote Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes Over-editing in Photoshop is a chronic problem. When photographers first get and learn to use [...]

  2. 2

    These are fabulous tips…thanks for taking the time to pass these along!

  3. 3
    Candylei says:

    Your website and blog are the answer to all of my questions. This site is a goldmine!! Thank you, Thank you!
    Candylei

  4. 4
    Betty says:

    Guilty! I’ll try to tone it down a bit!

  5. 5
    Paul Kremer says:

    I can’t throw any stones, as I was guilty of several of these when I first started myself! But thank you Jodi! If I have learned anything, it is that subtle changes are absolutely the best. People may not know exactly why a picture looks fake, but they can tell. But those subtle changes…they will blow people away!

  6. 6
    Terry says:

    Great advice! Enjoy your blog and the practical, realistic, understandable knowledge you share. Just an amateur here but I learn something all the time from your information!

  7. 7
    Kelly Jean says:

    I have a picture of my daughter eating her first food and I selective colored her eyes and the spoon!! Gah – what was I thinking? And the best part, put it on our Christmas card collage for everyone to see. Great article, will keep the points in mind to avoid future embarrassement. :)

  8. 8
    Adam says:

    Great tips from an experienced shooter and editor. Thank you!

    Fun putting in images to posts as well! :)

  9. 9
  10. 10
    Kara says:

    Great tips and check-points. Your blog is terrific!!!

  11. 11

    Please reserve photo upload for photos – not logos. This is meant for photographers to share things that enhance the article. Thank you! Jodi

  12. 12
    Heather says:

    This is great Jodi! Do you mind if I share this on my blog (as a link of course)?

  13. 13
    Andrea says:

    Oh the selective color thing drives me crazy. My SIL always asks me to do that to portraits of her kids. It scares me!! And I am with you on the black and white with colorized eyes!! Creepy!! This is a great post. I recently started and I am guilty of a lot of these!! I have gotten better, and I have learned A LOT!! Thanks so much for all your posts, keep ‘em coming!!

  14. 14
    april says:

    THANK you for mentioning the “hazing” craze..its was great for selective fashion or editorial shoots..now
    it is overdone..
    great tips as usual

  15. 15
    Michele says:

    This is AWESOME! I am guilty of over editing. This post was perfect timing and really helped a newbie out! Thank yoU!

  16. 16

    Thank you for sharing these great tips Jodi!!

  17. 17

    [...] Today, I was getting ready to start my Tip Tuesday posts, and I came across a wonderful post on Over-editing Mistakes in Photoshop. A lot of photographers make these mistakes when they are first starting out, or when they are [...]

  18. 18
    Melissa :) says:

    Awesome information – thank you! :)

  19. 19

    [...] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Jodi Friedman, gwendolyn waite, Gina Buhs Sandrzyk, Kim Jay, Jerry Roek and others. Jerry Roek said: RT @mcpactions: Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes http://goo.gl/fb/XRNG #photog #featuredpost [...]

  20. 20

    [...] post-processing blog post A must-read for people new to post-processing. Great stuff! Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes __________________ Susan H – almost as much of a dork as Ruthie Mae Canon 450D, kit lens, 50mm [...]

  21. 21
    Nicole says:

    I’m more of a weekend photographer (got a ‘real’ 9-5 during the week LOL) so I am just starting doing shoots for others. I’m offering a free session here and there and then I offer the prints and products off that. Even if they don’t actually purchase anything I use the watermark tool Jodi offers and pop it on to every picture. Load those on Facebook (and add a link back to your blog, website, etc) and tag that person in them and people start noticing. I’ve already got several people interested in doing some spring family shots.

  22. 22
    shell says:

    Thank you! This was a great reminder. I have had instructors focus on selective color techniques as if it is one of the most important part of photo editing. You have confirmed and validated for me that it is an unnecessary fad.

  23. 23
    Jay McIntyre says:

    thanks for these great tips.
    With actions, and presets, I find it is never a good idea to apply them and then walk away, there should always be some adjustments to make the image truly yours.

    Also, I am working very hard at getting the image as close to how I want it “in” the camera.

    Jay.
    http://www.jmphotographyonline.ca
    http://www.jmphotographyonline.wordpress.com

  24. 24

    [...] Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes [...]

  25. 25

    [...] Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes. adobe, avoid, common, editing, mistakes, Photography, photoshop, Software, tips Leave a [...]

  26. 26

    Your article was most tweeted by Scrapbooking experts in the Twitterverse…

    Come see other top popular articles surfaced by Scrapbooking experts!…

  27. 27
    Mindy Bush says:

    How much do I love this post?? A lot. It took me YEARS to figure out that the magic didn’t/shouldn’t happen in Photoshop. “Art” does not over-editing make. Thanks for taking the time to post this!

  28. 28
    coastalchickie says:

    I was directed to your site for the first time via a shootsac email. Great post! I agree with everything, but brides still seem to like selective color shots. They always get selected for albums, etc. I have had brides request that treatment on additional photos as well. I, too, think it’s a 1990s-ish fad, but I still include one or two along with all the of the creative edits since they always seem to like them!

    I got a chuckle at the “Your camera takes great pics” cartoon as well. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve heard that!

  29. 29
    Anna says:

    Awesome post Jodi. Being a former film shooter I resisted Photoshop for a long time. I embrace it now, but enjoy subtlety. Reserving the funky stuff for those who actually ask for it. Thank you for sharing your talent.

  30. 30
    AnneMarie Z says:

    Thanks for the luminosity tip! I did not know that and have been masking and trying to get my colors not so crazy but my contrast up.
    Tell me, do you ever play with the mechanics of contrast in your camera?? I mean, the settings- you can up the contrast there while still using manual mode?? just wondering.
    Thanks again!

  31. 31

    Hi there may I quote some of the content from this blog if I link back to you?

  32. 32

    [...] What if a mom brought a prop you do not feel fits your vision?  What if your customer wants a photo edited a certain way that you feel is not the best choice, such as selective color? As a wedding photographer, what if [...]

  33. 33

    I love this article….thanks so much. I thought maybe I was a little crazy because I have all these actions but often don’t use them because I like the actual photograph. I usually correct my photos with sharpening, maybe a little lighting adjustments/color adjustments…..and then put aside a couple to fool around with and make “ethereal” especially if my clients like that look. But I too, hate to blur a photo when I worked so hard to make sure it was crisp and focused.

  34. 34
    Shannon Gray says:

    Great stuff! :) Many of the things you mentioned drive me crazy! ;) Thanks for the post!

  35. 35
    Melissa says:

    Thank you for that comment about colorizing the eyes! I am so sick of babies with glowing blue evil eyes!

  36. 36
    meghan says:

    i had a customer recently ask me for the b&w w/ colored eyes, he also wants a shot in b&w w/ the writing on his ed hardy tshirt in color! ugh! it is so against everything i stand for to do this …but alas, i will :(

  37. 37
    Linus says:

    Very funny – I couldn’t agree more. Great to compile an article pinpointing the major mistakes.

  38. 38

    [...] ive never heard or seen those type of photos? do you have any examples? check out this article: Over-Editing in Photoshop: How to Avoid 25 Common Editing Mistakes | MCP Photoshop Actions and Tutor… good luck … although, they do sell __________________ Members don't see ads in [...]

  39. 39
    Maggie says:

    Thank you for taking the time to post this! As a photographer, I am very picky about my images. It drives me to distraction when I have “photographer wannabes” in my town take every single edit I do and try to copy it in their own editing attempts. (I use the term attempt loosely here…) Sometimes, less is more. Let the images speak for themselves.

  40. 40
    T Pinks says:

    I have always been a fan of the classic photo. It is what it is. Black & white with a pink bow just isn’t my thing. I see a ton of new photographers doing this. I have taken advantage of free actions on various pages and I always show my husband and he always says, “I like the original.” I don’t like the haze stuff either. I want to give classic, timeless & their own personality to them. I look back at some senior pictures from my own high schol class and I am not that old, but you can truly see the “fad” in them. I don’t ever want to give that to someone else. The colored eyes are super creepy as well and a color pop is different than making something look like a cartoon :) I’m loving your website.

  41. 41

    [...] are definitely ways to overdo it in Photoshop, though.  I’ve never been a fan of most Photoshop fads and try to avoid over-editing.  My hope is that any creative editing only enhances the mood and [...]

  42. 42
    Shawnda says:

    Guilty as charged :) Although I was pretty darn proud of myself for the color pop when I figured that one out.

  43. 43
    Kristi says:

    THANK YOU! I am new, and I admit, I’ve done some of these before! So glad to have a list of what not to do’s! THanks for all of this great free content you make available!

  44. 44
    Cynthia says:

    Solid advice, thank you.

  45. 45

    It?s in reality a nice and helpful piece of information. I?m satisfied that you shared this useful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  46. 46
    Kristie says:

    This past weekend I kind of got thrown into taking pictures for a 50th vow renewal. No pictures would have been taken had I not and these people are just so nice I couldn’t say no. I’m editing these now and am glad I found this article. I love how you said “less is more”. I’m always telling my daughter that less is best when it comes to hair clippies. LoL! Thanks for sharing your knowledge. I have such a long ways to go with my photography!

  47. 47
    Amber says:

    So glad you mentioned the over-exposure thing! I recently did a high school senior who came to me after she was unhappy with her first session with another photographer. The problem? She said everything they got was edited so that all but her eyes were overexposed. I hate to see overexposure, but at least it got me a new client! And her photo shoot was so fun :)

  48. 48

    I like the helpful information you provide to your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check once more right here frequently. I am relatively certain I will be informed plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the following!

  49. 49
    Gary Parker says:

    Wow! That sure is a classic way to look at this. Thanks again for this great blog post I enjoyed reading this post.

  50. 50
    Monica says:

    AMEN!!! Thank you, thank you!! It is such a pet peeve of mine seeing over used photoshop!

  51. 51
    Cristina Lee says:

    Thank You!

  52. 52

    Good post. Keep it comin’! :-)

  53. 53

    What it doesn’t say is that every photo is an experiment – if you know the rules you can break some of them, if you’re constantly looking at your color histogram – or even when you’re shooting, using a white balance meter, you lose a lot of artistic edge and your images will end up like every other photo out there – flat and boring.

    I agree with some of the points though, yellow skies and so on – over doing selective color and so on.

    Practice doesn’t make perfect in photography, there are always new things to try and new trends going on every day – I think that’s one reason i love it so much, photography is never the same as it was the year before. <3

  54. 54
    Paul says:

    My wife pinned this on Pinterest for me as she knows I am considering getting Photoshop. Finally. I’ve been playing around with free photo editing programs online and now it’s time. Just want to thank you for this post. I have been guilty of almost everything on your list but, in my defense, I was learning what works and how far one can go with editing. I think I’m ready!

  55. 55
    A K Nicholas says:

    I would add, “zoom in, but not too much.” It’s good to get close enough to inspect your work, but no so close that you’re tempted to clone out every pore and heal every wrinkle.

  56. 56

    this article is excellent, thankyou! it made my day!

  57. 57
    Larry says:

    Some people don’t realize it that overphotoshopping can make a picture so unreal. It didn’t look pretty that way. Stay realistic, just improve the colors or other details.

  58. 58
    Megan says:

    Stupid question, but why do you have a problem with selective color? It’s one of my favorite adjustment layers in Photoshop thus far, since it allows me to so closely fine-tune the color balance in a photograph color-by-color. I can’t imaging not using it, as it’s so much more fine-tuned than simply using color balance, so I’m wondering why you think it’s bad?

    • Selective color has a few meanings. The adjustment layer is amazing – that is the one you speak of. The other type of “selective color” and what is more commonly thought of is actually a look where you turn a photo black and white and then colorize part of it. While this can be done in a positive way, most often it is over-done and often does not help the image. For example a black and white of a child’s face (eyes colorized back to blue and a bow on the head also blue). Make sense?

  59. 59
    Linz says:

    So you’re telling me that this isn’t a good picture?
    I think that b&w with colored eyes can be a beautiful photo…as long as it’s executed properly (artistically).
    I totally agree that you don’t want to take portraits, make them b&w but keep the eye color.
    But artistically… I think people should go for it! Get creative and learn.

  60. 60
    linz says:

    Sorry but I forgot to mention that I do love this post.
    As a photographer (not artistic), I can’t stand the over editing of photo’s.
    I believe that simple editing is fine (covering up pimples, etc) but I don’t like it when “photographers” change the size of the person (slimming the body, waist, widening eyes, drastically changing eye color).
    If it doesn’t reflect the person in that moment of time… then what was the point of even taking their photo?
    Editing pictures takes away from the truth. In 50, 100 or even 200 years… the family members of that person wont be looking at the “real” photo of their ancestor… they’ll be looking at an edited version. And that’s sad. Imagine looking at pictures of your ancestors… what if they were edited? Wouldn’t you be disappointed and curious what they really looked like?
    I believe that photographers shouldn’t over edit the photo’s of their clients.



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